Types of Therapies

WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF THERAPY?

The following types of therapy fall under the category of Psychotherapy or “Talking Therapy”:

Counselling: This is the most common type of therapy and used frequently by individuals to help them get through a rough patch. It has less to do with medical problems and more to do with providing help or support to get through some common, everyday problems. These problems can range from grappling with anger management issues, to a couple looking to resolve relationship concerns, to advice on a choice of career. Counselling sessions are usually one hour long and the client can decide how often they want to see their counsellor; it can be once a month, once a week or more or less.

Mindfulness-Based Therapy: Used to treat depression, stress, addiction and anxiety. The goal is to help individuals accept and focus on their emotions without feeling overwhelmed by them. It encourages letting go of the past and disregarding future worries by living in the present and embracing the world and surroundings. Stress-based therapy (MBSR) uses activities like exercise, yoga and mediation to help individuals manage and cope with their illness. Sometimes these exercises are combined with cognitive therapy (MBCT) to help overcome depression.

Family Therapy: This type of therapy is designed to help families come to terms with or overcome a problem. It is particularly useful when an individual’s or a group of people’s actions are hurting the family unit. These problems can be:

  • Divorce;
  • Substance abuse;
  • Family Members who had witnessed Domestic violence
  • Death
  • Grief
  • Adolescent Issues
  • Mental health disorders or disability in a family member.

Four different types of therapies are available under the branch of Family Therapy:

  • CBT: This method encourages and helps people change their mind set and/or behaviour in order to address and solve the problem at hand.
  • Systemic Family Therapy: With this method, the feelings, ideas and problems of the whole family are looked at and deconstructed in order to figure out what’s causing a rift in the family.
  • Supportive Family Therapy: This type of therapy is designed to provide a safe environment where family members are encouraged and allowed to openly and honestly discuss their feelings about a particular issue or problem they are facing.
  • Psychodynamic Method: This method looks at an individual’s subconscious mind. The focus of this therapy is to get to the root cause of the underlying issue rather than address the surface problems. By understanding and resolving the real problem, the therapist is able to assist the individual and their family members cope with the difficulties they are facing.

With the assistance of a trained therapist(s) and using one of the methods listed above a family struggling with a particular issue will be able to understand the root cause of their problems, be able to communicate better and ideally find a happy medium, which benefits everyone.

Couples therapy: Designed for couples that are going through a rough patch or trying to recover from a serious problem. These problems can be anything from dealing with the aftermath of an affair, to money troubles to simply needing to understand each other better. In this type of therapy the couple is encouraged to share and talk through their problems, go through trust exercises and activities. Sessions can be done together or individually.

Group therapy: This allows a group of people, (usually a small group of up to a dozen individuals) who are going through a similar problem to share, discuss and relate their experiences in a group setting with the help of a therapist. One of the key benefits of group therapy is the knowledge that others are going through a similar experience and you are not alone. It helps enormously to have a support system that can relate with your experiences and emotions and allows you to learn from what others have gone through.

Group therapy can help with things like:

  • Substance abuse problems;
  • Depression;
  • Medical problems;
  • Relationship problems;
  • Grief etc.

The rules of client confidentiality apply to group therapy.

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